In pregnancy your body experiences a series of changes, especially hormonal, that make you more prone to gingivitis or even tooth decay. It is important to take care of your oral health at this stage because it can affect the fetus.
Two out of ten women suffer a serious Dental problem during pregnancy. The figure is to be taken seriously. And, as Dr. Iván Malagón of Iván Malagón Clinic assures Saber Vivir, “a pregnant woman experiences a series of changes in her body during the 9 months of gestation that, if there is no adequate oral health and a review by an expert dentist can have negative consequences.”
Actually, the ideal would be to plan the Dental care in pregnancy “it is advisable to have a checkup before it and, depending on the general condition of the mouth, take the necessary preventive measures and perform the appropriate treatment,” says Malagón.
Dental Care in Pregnancy and baby’s health
- Keep in mind that poor oral health during pregnancy increases the risk of premature delivery and low birth weight of the baby at birth, as well as a greater predisposition of the child to suffer from cavities early.
- It also increases the risk of preeclampsia (increased blood pressure of the mother in pregnancy that can be very serious).
Poor oral health increases the risk of premature delivery
Therefore, the ideal would be to have a healthy mouth to stay pregnant and, during pregnancy, take care of this aspect because your oral health becomes more fragile.
CHANGES IN YOUR BODY AND IN YOUR MOUTH
Dr. Malagón explains to us in detail what happens:
Vomiting of the first months
It is a very frequent symptom. Seven out of eight women suffer during the first trimester.
- They can erode tooth enamel and cause tooth decay because they increase the acidic environment and pathogens in the mouth. However, Dr. Malagón says that this occurs when there is a severe picture of nausea and vomiting – the so-called hyperemesis gravidarum – which, fortunately, only affects 2% of women.
Your hormones are altered
During the first trimester of pregnancy and in childbirth hormones such as relaxin, which relax joints and facilitate labor, increase. This, which is a totally natural process, can take its toll on your mouth:
- The gums are inflamed and the famous “gingivitis of pregnancy” appears, affecting 7 out of 10 pregnant women.
- It can also affect the periodontal ligaments (those that join the tooth to the bone), causing excessive mobility of the teeth and facilitating the entry of food remains under the gums.
The hormonal changes of pregnancy favor gingivitis
- More sensitive teeth and gums. With any irritating substance, your mouth complains more than usual. The gums bleed easily, they hurt … The culprit is the hormonal swing, but also the increase in blood flow that occurs during the 9 months of gestation.
You eat less, but more times
As the pregnancy progresses, the woman tends to eat less but much more often.
- This factor also increases the risk of cavities and gingivitis if there is no proper dental hygiene after each meal.
Even your saliva changes
If in the first months are the vomits that favor tooth erosion and tooth decay, in the last trimester and during breastfeeding the culprits that this risk rises are:
- Alterations in the composition of saliva, which becomes more acidic.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF DENTAL HEALTH
The recommendation is none other than to insist on oral hygiene.
- Brush your teeth after every meal, floss and rinse with fluoride. Dentists insist that at the end of pregnancy meals throughout the day can be between 5 and 8, so it is so important not to neglect hygiene.
You must be very scrupulous with your oral hygiene
- If there is vomiting, a scrupulous dental hygiene is also essential behind them to eliminate the acids from the vomit. Wait, yes, at least 15 minutes so that acid does not erode the enamel more or increase the feeling of fatigue.
- Of course, it is also advisable to decrease the consumption of sugars during pregnancy to reduce the risk of decay.
- And do not forget to check with your dentist if you notice any discomfort or disorder. This professional knows perfectly how to treat oral problems during pregnancy.